Gum disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. The three stages of gum disease — from least to most severe — are gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis.
Gum disease can be painless, so it is important to be aware of any of the following symptoms:
Gums that easily bleed when brushing or flossing.
1. Swollen, red or tender gums.
2. Gums that recede or move away from the tooth.
3.Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth.
4. Loose teeth.
5. A change in the way your teeth come together.
6. A change in the fit of partial dentures. Etc.
Bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth, cause gum disease. If plaque is not removed it can harden and turn into tartar (calculus).
Additionally, dental plaque will continue to form on the tartar. Brushing or flossing cannot remove tartar, a dental professional will need to conduct a dental cleaning to remove it.
There are a number of treatments available for gum disease sufferers, each of which varies depending on the severity of the condition.
In order to determine the treatment modality that best meets your needs, your dentist will evaluate the extent of the damage to develop a conservative initial plan. A dental hygiene evaluation will determine if plaque (soft deposits on the tooth) is being removed on a daily basis.
Next, calculus (also known as tartar) must be removed through a professional cleaning, and sometimes through the additional procedures of deep scaling and root planing. A local anesthetic may be administered during these procedures. Your dentist may also administer antibiotics to treat bacteria housed in the pocketed areas of the gum, and recommend a medicated mouthwash to be used as a regular part of your home regimen.